BPH/Enlarged Prostate

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The prostate gland is about the size of a walnut when a man is in his 20s. By the time he is 40, it may have grown slightly larger, to the size of an apricot. By age 60, it may be the size of a lemon. The enlarged prostate can press against the bladder and the urethra, slowing or blocking urine flow. Early BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) symptoms may take many years to turn into bothersome problems.

The actual cause of BPH is unknown. Factors linked to aging and changes in the cells of the testicles may have a role in prostate growth. It is very common in older men. BPH is not prostate cancer, and having it does not increase your risk for prostate cancer.