Prostate Cancer

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The prostate is the gland below a man's bladder that produces fluid for semen. Prostate cancer means that cancer cells form in the tissues of the prostate.

Prostate cancer tends to grow slowly compared with most other cancers. Many men will develop prostate cancer as they age, but it will not become a serious threat to their health. That’s the good news. Unfortunately, in some men it may grow and eventually spread before they have symptoms. By the time symptoms appear, the cancer may already be advanced.

Many factors can affect your chance of developing prostate cancer. We believe that early detection of prostate cancer gives men the most options for treatment – including no treatment. For this reason, it is important to begin an ongoing dialogue with your doctor by age 45, or earlier if you have risk factors or symptoms.

Risk factors for prostate cancer

  • Age. Men who are 50 or older have a higher risk for prostate cancer.
  • Race. African-American men have the highest risk for prostate cancer—the disease tends to start at younger ages and grows faster than in men of other races.
  • Family history. Men whose fathers or brothers have had prostate cancer have a higher risk than men who do not have a family history of the disease. Prostate cancer risk also appears to be slightly higher for men from families with a history of breast cancer.
  • Diet. Risk may be higher for men who eat high-fat diets.